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Charterama is the charterers liability specialist

Newsletter may 2014

Timeous payment of hire
the case of the “ASTRA” (Kuwait Rocks Co v AMN Bulkcarriers inc [2013] EWHC 865 (Comm))

It is vital for Charterers to know what the consequences will be of failing to pay hire according to the charterparty provisions, and this question was recently considered in detail in the case of the “ASTRA” (Kuwait Rocks Co v AMN Bulkcarriers inc [2013] EWHC 865 (Comm)). In the light of the findings of this case that the requirement to pay hire is a contractual condition, and therefore that Owners can terminate the charterparty and claim damages if hire is not paid on time, Charterama is issuing a general warning to its Assureds of the importance of the timeous payment of hire.


n the “ASTRA” the charterparty was concluded in 2008 at the peak of the market. Following the collapse of the market, the Charterers requested various reductions in hire or they would declare themselves bankrupt. The reductions were granted on the understanding that full hire would be reinstated in July 2010. Charterers failed to pay either of the July 2010 instalments of hire. Owners withdrew the vessel and claimed damages of approximately $13 million, representing the difference between the contract rate and the market rate for the rest of the charterparty term. The matter went to arbitration in London, and the arbitrators based their decision on the generally understood position that payment of hire is not a condition which entitles Owners to terminate on breach and claim damages. The Charterers were however in repudiatory breach of the charterparty by threatening bankruptcy to obtain a lower hire rate and then failing to pay the hire instalments in July 2010. It was the repudiatory breach which allowed the Owners to terminate and claim damages.

The case was appealed to the High Court, where Mr. Justice Flaux agreed with the arbitrators that the Charterers were in repudiatory breach. However, he then went on to consider at some length whether or not the NYPE clause 5 obligation to pay hire was in any event a condition, and concluded that it was. This would mean that Owners could terminate and claim damages after the failure to pay one instalment of hire, regardless of the circumstances or the length of the charter, which could have far reaching effects on the relationship between Owners and Charterers. At present the status of the “ASTRA” is uncertain: the judge did not need to consider whether payment of hire was a condition in order to dismiss the appeal, so strictly speaking this ruling is not binding on the Courts; and there has been a lot of discussion in the market whether his conclusion was correct. (Nor did the Judge consider whether and to what extent Charterers could make otherwise lawful deductions from hire.) Nevertheless the decision will be persuasive for Courts and arbitrators, and so Charterama advises all Assureds to consider their hire payment obligations carefully in light of the increased risk of a claim for substantial damages in addition to the withdrawal of the vessel by Owners if timeous and proper payments are not made.

Charterama claims handlers recently participated in a seminar on the “ASTRA” with London solicitors, given by Nigel Jacobs QC of Quadrant Chambers.

New look for Charterama

This year we are introducing our new newsletter which you are receiving in html format, allowing you to click easier through the articles of your interest.

Also our website has been renewed and the policy wording now comes in a new full colour print. Obviously we are aware of our environmental responsibility and we are keen to reduce our carbon footprint. Many of our clients accept electronic documentation and we would like to encourage those who don’t.

Charterama Asia Pacific

Our Hong Kong office is now up and running. We are located at Infintus Plaza, Cheung Wan, just a short walk from Central in Hong Kong. After our fifth successful year, opening an office marked a natural step in our ambition to deliver immediate and professional service to our clients. With a local Asian presence it will be much easier for clients and brokers to have a direct contact without the time difference with Europe. And a big advantage is of course that we can assist our clients in Mandarin and Cantonese. (Nice to know is that within the whole Charterama group we speak eight languages, four of which are native).

Obviously we are very happy with Powan Li heading the office. Powan is well known in our market and brings a wealth of experience to our team. She previously held senior positions both within Skuld and Norwegian Hull Club. A great asset to our company and our clients.

Charterama is an international service provider and I'm happy to serve our clients in the Asia Pacific region.
Kwan Tang - Deputy Director Business Development

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